In cases where the root canal treatment fails, the root canal treatment can be repeated or a surgical intervention may be carried out on the tip of the root if necessary. If both the repetition of the root canal treatment and the surgical intervention fail, then the extraction of the tooth should be considered.
Orthodontic treatment is applicable to individuals of any age who have healthy teeth and gums. Anomalies related to jaws can usually be treated in the process of growing up. Treatment in adulthood requires facial plastic surgical practices as well as orthodontics.
In the process of orthodontic treatment, the treatment practices should be applied with certain intervals in order not to damage the teeth and teeth related structures. Therefore, treatment related practices are usually carried out once a month and the treatment takes approximately 24 – 30 months.
Since the brackets and braces placed on teeth make it easier for food leftovers to accumulate inside the mouth, a good mouth care is of utmost importance in order to prevent tooth cavities and gum diseases. The teeth should be carefully brushed and interdental brushes should be used to thoroughly clean between the teeth and under the braces. Hard and sticky food should be avoided during the treatment process since it may cause the brackets to come out, thus setting the treatment back.
There are many factors which pave the way to a cavity. High number of streptococcus mutans and the preexisting cavities are the most important factors and the lack of saliva and the buffer capacity, a diet rich in carbohydrates, low resistance of the tooth to fluoride, general health issues and poor mouth hygiene are among important indicators of a risk of new cavities. A cavity risk assessment can be my carrying out a mouth check-up and a “Cavity Activity Test”. In the cavity activity test, the saliva amount, the acid buffer capacity and the number of streptococcus mutans and lactobacillus, which are the cavity originating bacteria in the saliva, can be tested from the saliva sample taken from the patient. The risk of new tooth cavities can be estimated by examining these factors.